Home | Site Map | Feedback
MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

Home

About ARCBC

National Data Centres

Biodiversity Databases

Training Programme

Research Programme

Publications

Announcements & Events

Conservation Digest

Biodiversity Links

CONTENTS

MESSAGE
FOREWORD
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
ABSTRACT
AN OVERVIEW

I. Scope and Methodologies of the Review
II. Summary of Results
III. Priority Marine Areas
IV. Priority Actions and Recommendations

Table i.1 Counts of reef-associated fish in FishBase as of March 1995, for the seven ASEAN member countries (FAO areas 51,57 and 71).
Table i.2 Government Authorities for MPAs of nine ASEAN member countries
Table i.3 Representation of MPAs in the nine ASEAn member countries
Table i.4 Number of priority MPAs of global/regional (A) and national (B) significance
Table i.5 List of existing (E) and proposed (P) MPAs of regional (A) and national (B) conservation priorities.

Figure i.1 Clinal distribution of the scleractinian coral genera showing the highest generic distribution in the vicinity of the ASEAN region
Figure i.2 Indicative size frequency of some marine protected areas in the ASEAN

1. BRUNIE DARUSSALAM

Background Facts
1.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
1.2 Species of Significance
1.3 Legislation and Management Framework
1.4 Extent of Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
1.5 Proposed Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
1.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
1.7 Priority Sites
1.8 Priority Actions

Table 1.1 Environmental Legislation in Brunie Darusslam
Table 1.2 Marine Protected Areas in Brunei Darussalam

Figure 1.1 The different environmental threats that affects thae coral reefs of Brunie Darussalam

2. CAMBODIA

Background Facts
2.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
2.2 Significant Species
2.3 Legislation and Administrative Framework
2.4 Extent of Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
2.5 Proposed MPAs
2.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status,Threats and Management
2.7 Gaps in the MPA System
2.8 Priority Sites
2.9 Priority Actions

Table 2.1 Marine Protected Areas in Cambodia

Figure 2.1 The different environmental threats that affect the coral reefs of Cambodia

3. INDONESIA

Background Facts
3.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
3.2 Species of Significance
3.3 Legislation and Management Framework
3.4 Extent of the Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
3.5 Proposed Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
3.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
3.7 Gaps in the MPA System
3.8 Priority Sites
3.9 Priority Actions

Table 3.1 Legislative measures in relation with the management and protection of Indonesia's marine and other natural resources
Table 3.2 Distribution of Existing and proposed MPAs in the different Biogeographic Divisions
Table 3.3 Marine Protected Areas in Indonesia

Figure 3.1 Threats to MPAs of Indonesia and to the country's coral reefs in general

4. MALAYSIA

Background Facts
4.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
4.2 Species of Significance
4.3 Legislation and Management Framework
4.4 Extent of the Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
4.5 Proposed Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
4.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
4.7 Gaps in the MPA System
4.8 Priority Sites
4.9 Priority Actions

Table 4.1 Federal laws relevent to parks and especially marine areas
Table 4.2 Sabah laws relevant to parks and marine areas
Table 4.3 Sarawak laws relevant to parks and marine areas
Table 4.4 Turtle nesting sites in Penisula Malaysia and Sarawak that may be proposed for protection
Table 4.5 Marine Protected Areas in Malaysia

Figure 4.1 Threats to MPAs of Malaysia and to the country's coral reefs in general

5. MYANMAR

Background Facts
5.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
5.2 SignificanT Species
5.3 Legislation and Management Framework
5.4 Extent of the Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
5.5 Proposed MPAs
5.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
5.7 Gaps in the Existing MPA System
5.8 Priority Sites
5.9 Priority Actions

Table 5.1 Marine Protected Areas in Myanmar

Figure 5.1 Environmental threats to the coral reefs of Myanmar

6. PHILIPPINES

Background Facts
6.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
6.2 Species of Significance
6.3 Legislation and Management Framework
6.4 Extent of the Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
6.5 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
6.6 Proposed Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
6.7 Gaps in the MPA System
6.8 Priority Sites
6.9 Priority Actions

Table 6.1 Environmental Legislations in the Philippines
Table 6.2 Summary of the total number of MPAs of different categories
Table 6.3 Summary of Philippine MPAs recordeed in 1995, 1997 and 2000
Table 6.4 Priority Sites for Marine Biodiversity Conservation in the Philippines
Table 6.5 Important Marine Protected Areas and Management Areas in the Philippines

Figure 6.1 Threats to MPAs of the Philippines and to the country's coral reefs in general

7. SINGAPORE

Background Facts
7.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
7.2 SignificanT Species
7.3 Legislation and Management Framework
7.4 Extent of the Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
7.5 Proposed MPAs
7.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
7.7 Gaps in the Existing MPA System
7.8 Priority Sites
7.9 Priority Actions

Table 7.1 Marine Protected Areas in Singapore

Figure 7.1 The different environmental threats that affect the coral reefs of Singapore

8. THAILAND

Background Facts
8.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
8.2 Significant Species
8.3 Legislation and Management Framework
8.4 Extent of the Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
8.5 Proposed Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
8.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
8.7 Gaps in the MPA System
8.8 Priority Sites
8.9 Priority Actions

Table 8.1 National Marine Parks (IUCN category II) of Thailand
Table 8.2 Marine Protected Areas in Thailand

Figure 8.1 Threats to MPAs of Thailand and to the country's coral reefs in general

9. VIETNAM

Background Facts
9.1 Coastal and Marine Ecosystems
9.2 Species of Significance
9.3 Legislation and Management Framework
9.4 Extent of Existing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) System
9.5 Proposed Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
9.6 Evaluation of MPAs - Status, Threats and Management
9.7 Priority Sites
9.8 Priority Actions

Table 9.1 Marine Protected Areas in Vietnam

Figure 9.1 Threats to MPAs of Vietnam and to the country's coral reefs in general

MAPS

Map 1 Types of Marine Protected Areas in Southeast Asia
Map 2 Marine Protected Areas in Brunie Darussalam; East and West Malaysia, and Singapore
Map 3 Marine Protected Areas in Cambodia
Map 4 Marine Protected Areas in Central Indonesia
Map 5 Marine Protected Areas in Western Indonesia
Map 6 Marine Protected Areas in Eastern Indonesia
Map 7 Marine Protected Areas in Myanmar
Map 8 Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines
Map 9 Marine Protected Areas in Thailand
Map 10 Marine Protected Areas in Vietnam

REFERENCES

Marine Protected Areas in Southeast Asia


Click Here to Download the full document

About ARCBC | National Data Centres |Biodiversity Data |Training | Research |Publications | Events |Conservation Digest |Biodiversity Links

Disclaimer: This Web Site has been prepared with the financial assistance of the Commission of the European Union. The views expressed herein are those of the Consultants and Project staff and do not represent any official view of the Commission.